The human body is a true machine with impressive features and abilities! Do you know, for example, how many bones does the body have? Or how many gallons of blood does the heart pump? And the differences between the male and female body? Keep reading to find out.
Super machine! Curiosities about the human body and its abilities
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It is no exaggeration to say that the human body is a truly amazing machine. It has an incredible ability to store memories, process information and work without rest.
1. Huge Memory Capacity
The human brain has a storage capacity of about 2.5 petabytes, or 1 million gigabytes! So, although it sometimes seems that we do not know so much information, it is very unlikely that any of our brains will reach the limit of their storage capacity until the end of our lives.
2. Super Fast Nerves
The fastest nerve impulse ever recorded in the human body traveled at 288 km / h, according to the Guinness Book. The speed of impulses varies depending on different factors, but in general those related to sensory stimuli are faster than those related to motor stimuli.
3. Ability To Differentiate Millions Of Colors
The human eye can distinguish about 10 million different colors. Already the nose is able to identify 1 trillion smells.
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4. The Human Body Is A Carrier Of Creatures
Your body is not as human as it seems. More than half of it is made up of microscopic creatures like bacteria, fungi and viruses. Although a little repulsive, they are all essential to your health.
5. Your Heart is An Amazing Organ
Though small, the heart is a tireless and very efficient worker. It beats about 4,800 times per hour, or 115,200 beats per day. All this work to pump 280 liters of blood in one hour, totaling 7,200 liters daily!
6. We Have Great Taste
An adult has an average 10,000 taste buds, which are renewed every two weeks. Over time, this renewal ceases to happen. Older people have about half of an adult’s taste buds, so they taste their food differently.
7. Our circulatory system is gigantic
The arteries, veins, and capillaries that make up our bodies measure about 97,000 kilometers, enough to circle the Earth two and a half times. All of this to ensure that every bit of your body gets the necessary oxygen and nutrients as efficiently as possible!
Of all sizes: curiosities about the bones, organs and muscles of the body
8. How Many Bones Does The Human Body Have?
The human being is born with 300 bones and, when reaching adulthood, has only 206. This is because, as children, some of these extra bones fuse together.
9. What Is The Largest Bone In The Body?
Our largest bone is the femur, located in the thigh. It measures about ¼ of the total body height and can hold up to 30 times its weight!
10. What Is The smallest Bone In The Body?
The smallest bone is the stirrup, which is in the ear and measures about 2.5 millimeters.
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11. What Is The Largest organ In The Body?
Officially, the skin is considered the largest organ in the human body. An adult carries about six pounds and three square feet of this lining that not only protects our body but also acts as a sensor between the brain and the outside world.
12. What Is The Smallest Organ In The Body?
Very small and pinecone shaped. This is the pineal gland, considered the smallest organ in the human body. It is located near the central region of our brain, and is linked to the regulation of sleep and blood pressure.
13. How Many Muscles Does The Human Body Have?
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The human body has about 650 muscles that are related to numerous movements, many involuntary and essential for our survival.
14. What Is The Largest Muscle In The Human Body?
The sartorius is the largest muscle in the body. It is located very close to the largest bone. That’s right, in the thigh, near the femur. It measures around half a meter and its main function is to allow movement of the knees and hips.
15. What Is The Smallest Muscle In The Human Body?
The smallest muscle, called stapes, is also attached to the smallest bone. The stapedium controls the vibration of the stirrup bone and protects it from loud sounds.
War of the sexes: curiosities about male and female bodies
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Before we start talking about the curious differences between the male and female body, let us leave here an important spoiler: in this sex war there are only winners. Both men and women exhibit diverse characteristics that show how versatile and powerful human bodies are, regardless of gender.
16. Men have more cells responsible for tracking moving objects, while women have more cells that analyze colors and textures. This means that men and women literally see the world in different ways.
17. The area of the brain responsible for mathematical ability is larger and matures earlier in men. Already the areas related to language skills mature six years earlier in female brains.
18. Men’s livers have extra enzymes that help them process alcohol more easily and feel the effects of alcohol less than women.
19. Women tend to cry more than men because of prolactin, a hormone associated with milk production and tear stimulation; Men, on the other hand, cry less because of testosterone, which inhibits the amount of tears.
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